Pluchino headshot

Dr Stefano Pluchino

Stem cell signalling and brain repair


Laboratory Location:

Cambridge Stem Cell Institute, Clifford Allbutt Building, Cambridge Biomedical Campus

Departmental Affiliation:

Department of Clinical Neurosciences


Stefano Pluchino received his MD and PhD degrees at the University of Siena, Italy, and additional training at Cambridge University, UK. He is University Lecturer in Brain Repair and Honorary Consultant in Neurology within the Centre for Brain Repair (2010). He’s also non-tenured Professor of Regenerative Neuroscience at the University Vita-Salute San Raffaele in Milano (Italy; since 2005) and adjunct Associate Professor in Neurology at the University of Vermont College of Medicine in Burlington (USA; since 2008). Stefano Pluchino has been awarded the Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation (FISM) Rita Levi-Montalcini prize for outstanding research in MS (2007) and the International Royan Award for outstanding research in Stem Cell Biology and Technology (2010). Dr Pluchino is a 2009 Italian Ministry of Health Young Investigator Awardee and 2010 European Research Council (ERC) Starting Independent Researcher. He’s editorial board member for Brain.

The major contribution of Stefano Pluchino’s studies has been the demonstration of the [constitutive vs inducible] immune modulatory functions of somatic neural stem/precursor cells (NPCs). His major recent focus has been the exploitation of the cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating the therapeutic plasticity of neural progenitor cells in inflammatory CNS diseases such as multiple sclerosis, ischemic stroke, and spinal cord injury. His most recent interests are the exploitation of the different modalities by which NPCs engage programs of horizontal cell-to-cell communication with cells in the microenvironment.


John and Lucille Van Geest Endowment, CDMRP MS Research Program, International Progressive MS Alliance, Wellcome Trust, European Commission, Evelyn Trust, Bascule Charitable Trust, The Great Britain Sakakawa Foundation, UK MS Society

External links

Pluchino research image 2-1ratio
Transplanted iNSCs (green) migrate in the injured CNS accumulating close to reactive GFAP+ astrocytes (white), while differentiate into NeuN+ (red) neurons with fully formed spines. Nuclei are stained with DAPI (blue). (Credit Luca Peruzzotti-Jametti and Giulio Volpe)


My laboratory provided the first evidence of the immune modulatory functions of neural stem cells. This seminal observation led to pre-clinical studies where stem cells were injected through biological routes to protect the nervous system from secondary tissue damage. My group is now confronting with some key challenges that include:

1. The development of protocols for safe human stem cells under standardized conditions;

2. The choice of route of cell injection, cell dosage and cell type/stage;

3. The identification of mechanisms of stem cell integration and signalling;

4. The discovery of new biomarkers of stem cell survival, biodistribution and functional effects.

We are fully committed to delivering next-generation stem cell therapies into clinics for the treatment of highly invalidating neurological disorders that include multiple sclerosis, stroke and traumatic injuries of the brain/spinal cord.

Pluchino group 2-1ratio

Beatrice Balzarotti

Joshua Bernstock

Iacopo Bicci

Alice Braga

Matteo Donega

Irene Falk

Almudena Fuster-Matanzo

Florian Gessler

Nunzio Iraci

Elena Giusto

Tommaso Leonardi

Dai Matsuse

Gioia Mingozzi

Luca Peruzzotti-Jametti

Joan Pidgeon

Jayden A. Smith

Beatriz Vega-Blanco

Jeroen Verheyen

Giulio Volpe


Plain English

In our lab we study how various types of stem cells and other advanced molecular therapies are able to help the damaged or diseased brain heal or even regenerate. In particular, we are clarifying the molecular mechanisms that transplanted stem cells use to interact with their surrounding tissue, the so-called microenvironment. Such mechanisms may be harnessed and used to modulate disease states in an effort to repair and/or regenerate critical components of the nervous system.

Key Publications

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